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What are Arthritis Symptoms and Signs?


Arthritis is a common name for inflammatory joint diseases. The disease is very widespread in Europe and North America, and the incidence rate is constantly increasing.

How to recognize arthritis?

 

Common symptoms:

  • pain in the joints, aches, especially when moving;
  • a crunch in the joints;
  • swelling;
  • skin redness in an inflamed place;
  • fever.

Symptoms of arthritis depending on the cause of the disease

  • Rheumatoid arthritis. In the first stages, the disease affects small joints of the hands, elbows, wrists, legs, feet, lower legs, hands or feet. Gradually the disease passes to larger joints - knees, shoulders. The patient begins to experience pain, a feeling of stiffness, especially in the morning, which disappears during physical activity. The skin around the affected joint can become swollen and reddish. Then, appetite disappears, the body temperature periodically rises, a person loses weight, feels general weakness. In the region of joints under the skin, there may be occasional nodules, not more than 2 cm in diameter, that look like densified fat deposits. These nodules can move under the skin and appear on the nape, forearms, internal organs. Because of the deformity of the joints, blood circulation is disturbed, which leads to muscle atrophy, making the person impotent and immobile. Sometimes there may be pain in the eyes, numbness of the limbs, shortness of breath, especially with deep sighs, sweating increases, salivary glands become inflamed. Pain intensifies with weather changes;
  • Reactive arthritis at the initial stage is characterized by general weakness, headaches, increased body temperature. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis develops asymmetrically. A person may have symptoms of inflammation of the genitourinary system and inflammation of the eye mucosa (conjunctivitis);
  • Gouty arthritis. In most cases, this disease affects the first joint of the big toe, knees and elbows. The area of inflammation blushes, swells and hurts. The main causes of gouty arthritis are the consumption of a large amount of alcohol, meat, and fatty foods. Soreness is most evident at night;
  • Infectious arthritis begins with the intoxication of the body and develops quickly: the body temperature rises, a person feel headaches, muscle pains. Sometimes, nausea and vomiting may occur. The affected joint swells and changes its shape. The skin around the affected joint warms up. Pain is aggravated by movement. Symptoms are most pronounced in children;
  • Osteoarthritis is often an asymptomatic disease. The patient may not have pain even after X-ray confirmation of the disease. Possible symptoms include aching and indistinctly localized pains, sometimes turning into acute painful attacks. With increased stress on the joints, the pain intensifies. At the same time, the pain often torments the patient in the morning, making it difficult for the whole body to move. There is swelling in the joints, especially in the hip, knee, and spine. In case of complication, bone growths (knots) appear on the joints, which can be both painful enough to touch and practically do not disturb the patient;
  • Psoriatic arthritis is characterized by the following symptoms: the gradual development of the disease, starting with swelling of the lesion and a local increase in temperature. Red, itchy and flaky spots (also known as psoriatic spots or psoriasis) appear on the skin and scalp. In this case, the nail plates are starting to split. Most often, psoriatic arthritis is manifested on the fingers, which begin to swell. At the initial stage, pain is not manifested or may be felt in the morning only;
  • Traumatic arthritis develops in the same way as osteoarthritis. Symptoms are the same: pain, puffiness and crunch in an inflamed place.

What causes arthritis?

A single and accurate cause of arthritis is not currently defined, but doctors have identified some factors that can trigger the development of arthritis:

  • infections caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses;
  • allergies;
  • metabolic disease;
  • trauma;
  • lack of vitamins (beriberi);
  • inadequate intake of nutrients;
  • diseases of the nervous system;
  • immune system disorders;
  • excessive strain on the joints;
  • improper nutrition and excessive alcohol consumption;
  • overweight;
  • disruption of the endocrine gland;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • insect bites;
  • hypothermia;
  • some diseases: tuberculosis, brucellosis, gout, dysentery, gonorrhea.

What to do if you have symptoms and signs of arthritis?

Unpleasant sensations and pains in the joints are the reason for contacting the doctor. Moderate physical activity, special exercises for arthritis and weight control will help ease the condition of the patient. The patient should strictly adhere to all the recommendations of the doctor, including diet recommendations (given below).

How to diagnose arthritis?

Diagnosis of arthritis includes the collection of an anamnesis, an external examination of the patient for the presence of characteristic signs of the inflammatory process in the joints, as well as conducting laboratory and instrumental methods of investigation. Analysis of blood and joint fluid allows doctors to detect the presence of an inflammatory process, and radiographic examinations reveal characteristic signs of inflammation of the joints. To diagnose arthritis, doctors also use a computer and magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, arthroscopy. The latter method allows a thorough examination of the joint cavity, as well as the extraction of synovial fluid for subsequent laboratory tests.

How to treat arthritis?

Treatment of arthritis should be comprehensive and include medication therapy, lifestyle correction, physiotherapy and sanatorium treatment. The main medicinal agents in the treatment of arthritis are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Celebrex, Motrin, etc.). To eliminate the inflammatory processes in the most affected joints, corticosteroid and glucocorticoid drugs (Prednisone) are used. In the absence of extra-articular manifestations, corticosteroids are usually not prescribed. Intra-articular administration of corticosteroid drugs is advisable in the absence of therapeutic effect from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as in the presence of fever. Enzyme preparations can be used to improve blood circulation and its rheological properties. You can buy arthritis drugs in the best online Canadian pharmacy - mycanadian-pharmacy.net. The online drugstore offers good discounts and quality medications.

How to prevent arthritis?

To prevent arthritis symptoms and signs, you need to pay attention to the following aspects of your lifestyle:

  • do exercises in the morning;
  • lead an active way of life - try to move more because it strengthens muscles, improves blood circulation, helps to normalize metabolism;
  • watch your weight and do not allow extra pounds;
  • limit harmful foods and focus on products rich in vitamins and nutrients;
  • watch your body water balance;
  • refuse alcoholic beverages;
  • avoid hypothermia;
  • wear comfortable shoes;
  • avoid sitting around squatting and cross-legged;
  • avoid stress;
  • observe rest and sleep regimen.

A diet for arthritis

  • eat more sweet peppers, carrots, oranges, pineapples, lemons;
  • include in a diet salmon, herring, mackerel, fish oil, soy, rapeseed oil, flax seeds and pumpkin;
  • limit white bread, pasta, and sugar;
  • refuse cakes, snacks, crackers, soda water, whole milk products;
  • quit smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages;
  • season dishes with turmeric, ginger, cloves;
  • drink pineapple, pomegranate and orange juice, not less than 1.5 liters of water per day.


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