What is a HUD Audit HUD Accounting?

What is a HUD Audit - HUD Accounting?

What is HUD Audit?


The HUD or the Housing and Urban Development is one of the biggest programs launched in the United States in the year 1965 and fall under the requirements of the Single Audit Act and the OMB (Office of Management and Budget).


This Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government mandates all the bodies taking part across various HUD programs to go through the process of auditing at regular intervals.


There is also a strict requirement to prepare financial audit reports for all the participants in all the housing and the multifamily housing programs, which must be aligned with the Department of Housing and Development guidelines in the United States.


Services Provided by HUD


There are various services provide by the HUD industry to the customers under the provision of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. Some of them are –


Accounting for real estate with Basic Auditing and Electronic submission


Financial audit and Compliance Audit


Tax planning, Return Filing along with the review of transactions for tax implications


Diligently organize conferences and training to keep its audience updated on all the latest regulations and changes


Representation with federal, state and local tax authorities


Help owners and management agents with effective closing


Procurement and temperament of housing possessions


Support in various programs streamlining for Market to Market models


Communication with all other HUD participating bodies Objectives of the HUD Program

The Objective of the HUD program very straightforward but some of them are specific to the programs and the participants. However, the main intention behind this is to help program managers of the HUD to identify some of the facts listed below.


Detect if the auditee has submitted appropriate financial reports and if the data is reliable enough


Whether the auditee has suitable control in place internally, that can help provide assurance


Verify that the program is compliant with applicable laws and regulations


Ensure that federal funds be consumed efficiently with the correct documentation


Ensure that the auditee is working in accordance with the federal terms and conditions Updates and Enhancements

The HUD Multifamily Housing Programs are in accordance with the auditing standards, i.e. the Government Auditing Standards, which are widely accepted in the United States.


It is important to note that the audits of HUD multifamily project owners need expert guidance to resolve some of the requirements related to accounting and compliance audits. However, there are many updates that are taken into consideration after proper analysis.


Some of them are –


As a part of the update to the Audit and Accounting Guide, it must follow specific audit recommendations from the AICPA


To have a superior workflow, there are certain revisions made to enhance the instructions and procedures with the help of the management toolset


To enable clear understanding, there are certain sample financial statements present for both for-profits and nonprofits, which prove to be beneficial


In order to have good throughput and boost efficiency, the suitable restructuring within the Audit Programs are taken into consideration in multiple areas




There are certain programs under the HUD Consolidated Audit Guide such as HUD Housing and Ginnie Mae Programs which have specially designed audits. It is also important to note that there are certain audits that are exclusive to programs and differ between the different entities like profit organizations, non -profit organizations and governmental organizations that play a part in the HUD housing programs.


These HUD audits requires certain discourse, and that can be at times complex and tedious. Hence, it requires good experience and specialization in this area.


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uae tax invoice format

Today's Article , we will learn to prepare the TAX Invoice for UAE

  1. The words “Tax Invoice” to be clearly mentioned on the invoice.
  2. The name, address, and Tax Registration Number of the Registrant making the supply of goods or services.
  3. Where a Recipient of the supply is a Registrant, the name, address, and Tax Registration Number of the Recipient. Purpose of mentioning the details of registrant recipient is to make the recipient eligible for input tax recovery on the basis of tax invoice available.
  4. A sequential Tax Invoice number or a unique number which enables identification of the Tax Invoice and sequence of invoice
  5. The date of issue of the Tax Invoice.
  6. Where the date of invoice is different from date of supply, then mention date of supply.
  7. Brief description of the Goods or Services supplied.
  8. Unit price, the quantity or volume supplied, the rate of Tax and the amount payable expressed in AED for each Good or Service.
  9. Amount of any discount offered.
  10. Gross amount payable expressed in AED.
  11. Tax amount payable expressed in AED together with the rate of exchange applied where the currency is converted from a currency other than the UAE dirham.
  12. Where the invoice relates to a supply under which the Recipient of Goods or Recipient of Services is required to account for Tax, a statement that the Recipient is required to account for Tax, and a reference to the relevant provision of the Decree-Law.

The video will guide you step by step uae tax invoice format guide 

Refer original article : uae tax invoice format

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tax credit note format uae

With the recent introduction of VAT in uae , You have to issue several documents like VAT Invoice , VAT Credit and Debit note , etc.  In today's article , I will explain you about how to prepare credit note.

  1. The words “tax credit note” clearly displayed on the invoice
  2. The name, address, and Tax Registration Number of the Registrant making the supply
  3. Where a Recipient of Goods or a Recipient of Services is a Registrant, his name, address, and Tax Registration Number;
  4. The date of issuing the Tax Credit Note;
  5. The value of the supply shown on the Tax Invoice, the correct amount of the value of the supply, the difference between those two amounts, and the Tax charged that relates to that difference in AED;
  6. A brief explanation of the circumstances giving rise to the issuing of the Tax Credit Note; and
  7. Information sufficient to identify the supply to which tax Credit Note relates.


Refer Original article : tax credit note format uae

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Effect of introduction of VAT on existing Contracts in UAE

Many corporates in the regular course of business enter into contracts for the supply of goods or services. However, not all the contracts are fulfilled or completed before the introduction of VAT in UAE. Some contracts although entered before the date of introduction but shall be completed after the effective date of 1st January 2018 of introduction of VAT. Clause 6 Article 70 of the Executive regulation of the Federal Decree-Law on VAT provides for the transitional rules relating to VAT on existing contracts.


Reading of Article 70 provides for treatment of tax where supply of goods or services of such contracts are to be completed partly or fully after the effective date of the Decree-Law:


Consideration shall be considered as inclusive of tax Eg: Agreed Value of the contract is AED 1,000. For the purpose of calculating VAT, amount of AED 1,000 shall be considered as inclusive of 5% VAT i.e AED 1,000 is 105% (100% is taxable value and 5% is VAT) Therefore, VAT on such contract shall be AED 47.6 rounded off to AED 48.


Tax shall be calculated regardless of the fact whether it has been taken into account when determining the consideration of the supply.


When all the following conditions are fulfilled, consideration shall be treated as exclusive of tax i.e recipient shall pay VAT in addition to the consideration received.


Where the recipient is or expected to be registrant at the time of introduction of VAT.


Where the recipient can avail the benefit of VAT paid i.e right to recover the input tax incurred.


Supplier has requested to provide the above information and the recipient provides the requested information within 20 days of receiving request


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