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A Malware or Spyware Attack And How To Protect From Its Attack

Characteristics of a malware:

A malware is a malicious computer coding which is injected into a hardware electronically without your knowledge and consent through a software to seal and steal the sensitive information, and damage your system's operating system.

Malicious is a word which means to harm or damage to someone. A cyber attack is a modern way of stealing data and money through internet activities.

A malicious or spyware software attack can damage your laptop, desktop, smart phones or any other devices which are connected with the internet. A short term example of a malicious software is called “malware” or “spyware”.

Operating System Vs Malware: Your operating system is created by a combination of millions of computer codes which calculate your answers virtually at the back-end. Whatever command you give through your keystrokes on your keyboard is used to calculates and extract the answer according to your command. Malware attacks may crash your operating system or take a complete control to operate your system according to a hacker's command.

Browsers Must Take The Responsibilities: I believe the browsers must take the responsibility to keep a web-user information in an encrypted format, rather they develop new cyber security software to protect from cyber security attack and make money.

Telecommunication Company Must Take Responsibility: Another perfect example is the telephone companies; they give new offers to stop Robocalls (a call which is made from a robot and not by a real person), rather they assume the responsibility and stop it from technology.

What are the indications of an infected system by a Malware?

There are some apparent indications, that will notify you immediately that your computer is under a threat of Malware.

These include different types of pop ups in your system that open different windows and do not disappear, open ads in your system without a keystroke command or your permission software, computer malfunctions, printer and other connected devices indicates that your system is under an attack from a malware. It keeps your processor busy by creating a replica and does not let your real application open, rather a Malware opens a replica.

Types of Malware:

There are many types of Malware attacks and a few of them which are most obvious, we have described below:

Virus (Vital Information Resources Under Size), file virus, macro virus, creeper virus, c-brain virus, key-logger software, resident virus, phishing page virus, non-resident virus, trojan horse, worm, web scripting virus, direct action virus, polymorphic virus, File infector virus, A multipartite virus , overwriting virus, directory Virus, encrypted virus, companion virus, stealth virus, sparse infector virus, cavity virus, fat virus, logic bomb, ransom virus and many more type of viruses.

What does a Malware virus do and how does it infect your computer system?

  • A virus enters through a CD, download applications, external media, infected site, email attachment and an infected URLs sent to your email by a hacker to incorporate a virus in your system without your authorization.
  • A virus is a term which is also used in the medical science for a person who is sick. We say this person is infected by a virus, same as P.C is infected by a virus. A virus executes a duplicate file whenever you try to open a specific application.
  • A virus infects or damages your files which slower your system. The main indications of a virus are to force you to reboot your system again and again, display strange graphics on your system without your command, change a file size and take more time to upload and download applications or does not allow to do so.
  • A malware is also named spyware, which spy's, steals and sends information to the unauthorized agencies and parties for the financial benefits and a country's sensitive information. Let me quote here an example to make you more understand the effects and after the effects of the serious cyber hacking. Like APT10 is one of the high profile and well organized cyber attack on the US soul by the Chinese Hacking Group. A real hacker or a robot (software) hacker, both find the loophole, and there is always a loophole, that is a job of a hacker.
  • A virus is also a software that we download according to our need in our system, but it installs without intention or our permission, like we install other software for our need. It creates a replica of your application and is executed when you try to open a software file to perform a job. It is installed by a hacker through an injection to corrupt and hijack your information.
  • It damages a file and reproduces a replica, when it gets attached to MS DOS program files with EXE or com extensions.
  • Boot Sector Virus is a virus which sits in a root of the system and whenever you try to boot any application or operating systems, it executes a replica and damages your files and data.
  • It infects your MS Office suites, Microsoft excel programs and replace your text with a strange, that you have not actually given a command to type.
  • A spyware has the ability to record every activity of your work through the keystrokes.
  • A phishing page malware creates a duplicate page of another website to steal data.
  • A Malware also enters through internet marketing or infected external devices.
  • A worm virus is created  to eat files until it empties the entire data drive. It has the ability to down the entire network.
  • Trojan is one of the most dangerous malware which is designed to steal the financial information and it send an invitation to other files after entering in your P.C to destroy the others in a day.
  • Adware is a very high rating malware. It attacks through an unwanted ads in your system.
  • Ransomware Malware is designed to hack your information and demand money, to release your information. This virus encrypts your valued information and demands a financial benefit to decrypt. It can lock your window operating system and applications and will not let you use them.
  • Reddrop malware was designed to record nearly audios through a user's smart phone and upload on the cloud.

What banking medium does a hacker generally use to pay against the stealing data?

Generally, a hacker demands to be paid through bitcoin so that transaction activity cannot be tracked.

How to prevent your software from a Harmful Virus and Pay a Ransom?

  1. Change your passwords from time to time on your computer systems, including on mobile devices. It may look like a tough exercise but it keeps you protected from a big damages.
  2. Install and update antivirus software to check the vulnerability in a system and use a scanner accordingly to kill viruses in your system. A unique scanner is used for a unique virus.
  3. Completely avoid opening unknown websites and attractive ads on the internet.
  4. Strictly instruct your staff to disconnect their electronic devices under a sensitive area and upload unlicensed applications.
  5. Dedicate a separate system to login sensitive areas.
  6. Do not open unknown emails, attachments and a link, that will install a malware and steal a session through your cookies.

Who are the responsible parties to minimize or completely eliminate a threat of the cyber attacks?

  • There should be a law that all browsers must keep a web-user data in an encrypted format.
  • Unauthorized emailing must be illegal and the provider must have a strict policy to penalize. Same as Robocalls which is an illegal activity violating your privacy without your permission.
  • Overseas professionals and the subcontractors places must be secured and checked physically. Most of the third world countries use the pirated software, and we should make sure they are working in a right environment with licensed tools to avoid compromising your sensitive data.



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